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Teeth Deep Cleaning


Teeth deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, is a dental procedure that involves cleaning the teeth and gums to remove the buildup of plaque and tartar that has accumulated below the gum line. This procedure is typically recommended for patients who have advanced gum disease or periodontitis, a condition that can cause the gums to pull away from the teeth, creating pockets that harbor bacteria and debris.

During a deep cleaning procedure, a dental hygienist or dentist uses specialized instruments to remove the plaque and tartar from the teeth and gums. This process may be done under local anesthesia to help minimize discomfort. Once the teeth have been thoroughly cleaned, the roots are smoothed to encourage the gums to reattach to the teeth and help prevent future buildup of plaque and bacteria.

Deep cleaning is an important procedure for maintaining good oral health and preventing the progression of gum disease. Regular dental check-ups and cleanings can help identify and treat any issues early, before they become more serious.

Frequently Asked Questions

Teeth deep cleaning, also known as scaling and root planing, is a dental procedure used to treat gum disease. The procedure involves removing plaque, tartar, and bacteria from below the gumline and smoothing out rough spots on the tooth roots. You might need teeth deep cleaning if you have symptoms of gum disease, such as swollen or bleeding gums, bad breath, or receding gums.

Teeth deep cleaning is typically performed in two separate appointments, one for each side of the mouth. The procedure involves using specialized dental instruments to remove the buildup of plaque and tartar from below the gumline. Local anesthesia may be used to numb the area and make the procedure more comfortable. While you may experience some discomfort or sensitivity after the procedure, any discomfort can be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers.

Benefits of Teeth Deep Cleaning:

  1. Prevents Gum Disease: Deep cleaning can help prevent gum disease by removing plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth and gums. This helps to reduce inflammation and the risk of infection, which can lead to periodontitis.
  2. Fresher Breath: Deep cleaning can also help to freshen breath by removing bacteria and plaque from the mouth that can cause bad breath.
  3. Brighter Smile: Deep cleaning can remove surface stains from the teeth, resulting in a brighter and whiter smile.
  4. Reduces the Risk of Cavities: By removing plaque and tartar buildup, deep cleaning can also reduce the risk of cavities.
  5. Improves Overall Oral Health: Deep cleaning can improve overall oral health by removing harmful bacteria and preventing the development of gum disease and other oral health issues.

Indications for Teeth Deep Cleaning:

  1. Gingivitis: The earliest stage of gum disease is gingivitis, which can cause inflammation, bleeding, and tenderness of the gums. Deep cleaning can help to remove plaque and tartar buildup, which can reduce the symptoms of gingivitis and prevent it from progressing to periodontitis.
  2. Periodontitis: If gum disease is left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis, which can cause tooth loss and other serious oral health problems. Deep cleaning can help to remove bacteria and plaque from beneath the gum line, reducing the risk of further damage to the teeth and gums.
  3. Heavy Plaque and Tartar Buildup: Some people may have a higher risk of developing plaque and tartar buildup, which can lead to oral health issues such as cavities and gum disease. Deep cleaning can help to remove this buildup and prevent these issues from occurring.
  4. Before Dental Procedures: Deep cleaning may be recommended before certain dental procedures such as tooth extraction or implant placement to ensure that the mouth is free of harmful bacteria and the gums are healthy.

Contraindications for Teeth Deep Cleaning:

  1. Active Infection: If there is an active infection in the mouth, such as an abscess or severe gum disease, deep cleaning may not be recommended until the infection has been treated.
  2. Bleeding Disorders: People with bleeding disorders such as hemophilia may not be able to undergo deep cleaning because of the risk of bleeding.
  3. Certain Medical Conditions: Some medical conditions such as heart disease or liver disease may make deep cleaning more risky, and may require special precautions or adjustments to the procedure.
  4. Recent Surgery: People who have had recent oral surgery may need to wait before undergoing deep cleaning to allow the mouth to heal properly.
  5. Pregnancy: Pregnant women may need to avoid deep cleaning during the first trimester due to the potential risk to the developing fetus.

Stages of teeth deep cleaning:

  1. Evaluation: The first stage involves a thorough examination of the teeth and gums to determine the extent of the buildup of plaque and tartar. This evaluation may include X-rays to identify any underlying dental problems.
  2. Scaling: In this stage, a dental hygienist or dentist uses a special tool called a scaler to remove plaque and tartar from the surface of the teeth and below the gum line. The scaler can be ultrasonic or manual, depending on the severity of the buildup.
  3. Root Planing: If there is significant buildup of tartar under the gum line, a dentist may need to perform a deep cleaning procedure called root planing. This involves smoothing the rough surfaces of the tooth roots to remove bacteria and promote healing.
  4. Polishing: Once the scaling and root planing is complete, the dentist or hygienist will use a polishing tool to remove any remaining plaque or stains from the surface of the teeth. This helps to smooth the tooth surface and prevent further buildup of plaque and tartar.
  5. Fluoride Treatment: In some cases, a dentist may recommend a fluoride treatment to strengthen the teeth and protect against decay. This involves applying a fluoride gel or foam to the teeth and allowing it to sit for several minutes before rinsing.
  6. Follow-Up: After the deep cleaning procedure, it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene habits to prevent further buildup of plaque and tartar. A dentist may recommend follow-up appointments every three to six months for regular cleanings and check-ups.

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